Module: POL30460 Democratic Transitions & After
Since 1974 and the “third wave” of democracy, a large number of countries in the world have radically transformed their political systems from autocratic to democratic. This path was not straight–forward, bringing much political instability in some countries, while others were successful in consolidating their democratic governance. Yet, after 25 years of promotion of democracy and democratic institutions, the expected economic prosperity has not been reached. This course aims to go beyond democratic consolidation and also to discuss various topics of Electoral integrity, Quality of Government and Civil Society.
The content will be divided in three parts: transitions, consolidations and afterwards. Throughout the semester we will discuss different factors that promote democratization, whether democracy and Quality of Government can be universal, different processes of democratic change, and importance of impartial institutions. The focus of this course is also to explore the association between democracy, Quality of Government and development, not limited to but including, competing goals of law and order, economic growth, individual right and freedoms.
Students will look at several case studies and regional democratic spillovers to critically connect and evaluate established theories with empirical cases. Thus, this is not going to be based purely on informative lectures, but students would be encourage to develop, challenge and exchange ideas.
All information about the course can be found in the syllabus.
Week 1: Universal Democracy?
Week 2: Waves of Democratization
Week 3: Process of Democratization
Week 4: The End of the Transition Paradigm
Week 5: Democratization in Latin America, East Asia and Europe
Week 7: The Role of Civil Society
Week 8: Parliamentarism VS Presidentialism
Week 9: State Building and Nation building
Week 10: Quality of Government
Week 11: Social Capital, Civil Society and Development
Week 12: Why Nations Fail?